Understanding the “All” Verses Regarding the Atonement

  Introduction Is the atonement of Christ limited or unlimited in its scope? In other words, did Christ die for all people, as in every individual who comes into the world, or did He die for particular individuals, referred to in the Bible as “the elect?” There are several verses in the Bible that use Read More …

From Arminian to Calvinist

  When I was Arminian in my theology, one thing that convinced me of the Arminian position on the doctrine of election, was the concept of corporate election. I studied it and wrote about it for years. It was a central focus of my writing. Ironically, it was this same corporate election that eventually led Read More …

Arminian CE vs. Calvinist CE (OT Pattern) — [4 of 4]

  Four, Arminian Corporate Election (CE) falls short in its understanding of the connection between Old Testament Israel and New Testament Israel, which results in an erroneous position on CE.   First let me say that I am a strong proponent of Fulfillment Theology, which is a central teaching of Covenant Theology and New Covenant Read More …

Arminian CE vs. Calvinist CE (Christ as the Group) — [3 of 4]

  Three, Arminian Corporate Election (CE) has the erroneous idea that Christ Himself is the group.   In close association with the previous flaw (part 2), Arminian CE teaches that Jesus is essentially the group Himself — as the corporate Head of the group. But this cannot be, since the group is the Church, and Read More …

Arminian CE vs. Calvinist CE (Christ’s Twofold Election) — [2 of 4]

  Two: Arminian Corporate Election (CE) fails to factor-in the two-fold election of Christ, which disallows the idea that we can share in His election.   Arminian CE describes election in a manner that only takes in one aspect of Christ’s election. While it acknowledges that Jesus was chosen to be both the Corporate Head Read More …

Arminian CE vs. Calvinist CE (Corp & Indiv) — [1 of 4]

  Four Major Flaws of Arminian Corporate Election (CE)   I have a lot of respect for the Arminian view of CE. It presents a scholarly and fairly plausible interpretation of the doctrine of election. There are certain aspects to that position that I agree with. I think it has the right basic idea, but Read More …

Arminian Corporate Election vs. Calvinist CE — [Introduction]

  Introduction   Union and Identification vs. Actual Sovereign Choice   Corporate Election (CE) is normally associated with Arminian theology. However, it can be argued that CE is fundamentally a Calvinist position on the doctrine of election — which I shall do in this study. Central debate: Is election merely one of union and identification? Read More …

Election of True Israel — [Commentary on Romans 11]

  All Scripture quotations are from the 1901 American Standard Version (updated) unless otherwise noted.   Introduction Like Romans 9, Romans 11 is one of the most important chapters in the New Testament regarding the doctrine of election, Israel and the Church. This discussion – that actually began in Romans 8 (especially verses 28-39) – Read More …

“God’s Purpose of Election” — [Commentary on Romans 9]

  All Scripture quotations are from the 1901 American Standard Version unless otherwise noted. (slightly updated)   Introduction Romans 9 is one of the central passages of the New Testament in understanding the doctrine of election. Paul’s discussion really begins in chapter 8, and more specifically, Romans 8:28-39. Those verses serve as an introduction to Read More …

Redemption of the Elect — [Romans 8:28-39]

  All Scripture quotations are from the 1901 American Standard Version (slightly updated).   Introduction Romans 8:28-39 serves as the introduction to Romans 9. Therefore, in order to understand chapter 9, we must understand this passage in Romans 8. The subject is the doctrine of election. Particular redemption (limited atonement) is seen all over this Read More …

Examples of Unconditional Sovereign Election

  Introduction How are we to understand the doctrine of election? Does God look down the corridor of time to see who will receive Christ as Lord and Savior, and then choose those individuals for salvation (as many Christians believe)? Or does God know and predestine certain individuals before they’re born? In the first case, Read More …

The Gospel is Hidden to Everyone Who is Perishing

  Introduction In regard to the doctrine of election unto salvation, there’s two different views of understanding:   Election based on faith (Arminian): God chooses to save anyone who decides to receive Christ as Lord and Savior. Christ died for every individual who comes into the world, and that salvation is available to everyone who Read More …

Divine Appointments Point to Divine Election

  Introduction   There are two positions regarding salvation and the doctrine of election:   Personal, Free Will – The belief that Christ died for all and that salvation is available to all. This is known as unlimited atonement, or atonement for all. Election is understood as either individual or corporate. In individual election, God Read More …

God Must Empower the Gospel Message

  Introduction Have you ever wondered why one person responds to the gospel message in faith, while another rejects it? What’s the difference? Why does one see the gospel of Jesus Christ as the truth, while another sees it as a fictitious story? Why does one see the wisdom of receiving Christ as Lord and Read More …

The “Giving” and “Drawing” of Christ’s Sheep – [John 6:37,44-45]

  All Scripture quotations are from the World English Bible (WEB).   Introduction John chapters 6 and 10 are key chapters in understanding the doctrine of election. Is election conditional or unconditional? Is it corporate or individual, or is it both? Did Christ die for certain elect, or did He die for every individual who Read More …